Reproductive Justice, Health & Rights

Advocates for reproductive health, rights, and justice are increasingly aware of the safety and social risks, as well as the benefits, of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) and other human biotechnologies. For instance, ARTs have helped large numbers of people create families and become parents of biologically related children. Yet long-term risks of some assisted reproductive practices are under-studied, and in the U.S. in particular, the ART field has developed almost entirely in the commercial sector and is notoriously under-regulated. Other social, ethical, and practical concerns include payments that encourage economically vulnerable women to provide eggs or to become surrogates, social sex selection, and inappropriate forms of prenatal and embryo screening. Additionally, in the debate now underway on human gene editing for reproduction, the language of “choice” is sometimes misused to claim that creating a child with specified traits is the same as the right to decide whether to continue or terminate a pregnancy. Advocates focused on reproductive justice, health and rights have a major stake in human biotechnology issues because ARTs redefine longstanding norms of human reproduction and pregnancy, both in positive and adverse ways, and impact women’s bodies, health, and well-being.


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As one country responds with a ban on commercial surrogacy, the market just shifts to the next unregulated destination. An international declaration will thus send the right message against exploitation of women.

In 2016, the Indian government drafted the Surrogacy...

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Brigitte Adams caused a sensation four years ago when she appeared on the cover of Bloomberg Businessweek under the headline, “Freeze your eggs, Free your career.” She was single and blond, a Vassar graduate who spoke fluent Italian, and was...

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Aiden and Ethan Dvash-Banks share pretty much everything. The 16-month-old twins were born four minutes apart, from the same womb,...

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And how should parents—especially queer parents—manage their expectations around it?

My friend’s daughter Emma looks a lot like my daughter...

An empty doctors office, featuring a patient bed, a red chair, a hand sanitizer sipernser, and several instrumental tools on a wall.

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A black and white filtered image of a pregnant stomach exposed.

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A desk with the following items: wooden gavel, and two Federal Reporters books tacked on each other.

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