Norwegian national Kari Ann Volden came to Mumbai in 2009 to have a child through surrogacy. Suffering from premature ovarian failure, she approached Rotunda fertility clinic in Bandra and, with its help, chose an unrelated Scandinavian sperm donor and an Indian egg donor. The tailor-made embryo was implanted in a surrogate's womb in May the same year, and, in January 2010, twin boys were delivered.
Volden's tale of woes began in February when she requested Norway for travel documents for the newborns. The country's consul general rejected the plea after mandatory DNA tests showed that she and the children were not biologically related. Ever since, the twins are living with Volden in India in limbo.
Norway maintains that the Indian surrogate is the children's legal mother, while India insists the commissioning individual, Volden, is the parent....