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In March, 2022, U.S. Donor Conceived Council (DCC) surveyed sperm bank websites across the United States to analyze their publicly described business practices and compare those practices to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) guidelines, the American Association of Tissue Bank (AATB) guidelines, and DCC’s vision statement

Given the lack of government regulation over the industry in the United States, these recommended standards represent the best guidance for sperm banks in terms of practices and policies. Our research, however, revealed that sperm banks are largely failing to follow many of the best practices described in these guidelines and DCC’s vision statement. 

This article details DCC’s findings and conclusions, which are limited only by what is publicly described on each bank or company’s website and marketed to potential donors and recipient parents.


Approximately 41 sperm bank sites operate in the United States, and these banks are owned or operated by 20 unique companies. Only two United States sperm banks are nonprofits. 

In terms of national and worldwide impact, at least four... see more