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More and more groups are amassing computer server–busting amounts of human DNA. Science's informal survey found at least 17 biobanks that hold—or plan to hold—genomic data on 75,000 or more people. The data range from scans of common mutations known as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to the protein-coding portions of the genome (exomes) to whole genomes.

23andME

SIZE: >1 million GENETIC DATA: SNPs

This popular personal genomics company now hopes to apply its data to drug discovery (see main story, p. 1472).

ANCESTRY.COM

SIZE: >1 million GENETIC DATA: SNPs

This genealogy firm now has a collaboration with the Google-funded biotech Calico to look for longevity genes.

HUMAN LONGEVITY, INC.

SIZE: 1 million planned GENETIC DATA: whole genomes

Founded by genome pioneer Craig Venter, this company plans to sequence 100,000 people a year to look for aging-related genes.

100K WELLNESS PROJECT

SIZE: 107 (100,OOO planned) GENETIC DATA: whole genomes

Led by another sequencing leader, Leroy Hood, this project is taking a systems approach to genetics and health.

MILLION VETERAN PROGRAM

SIZE: 390,000 (1 million planned) GENETIC DATA... see more