Op-Ed

A baby dreams peacefully as they are snuggled in a yellow blanket.

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As the genetically modified food wars wage on, another bombshell has been quietly waiting to drop: We could soon start genetically modifying people.

There has been a lot of confusion around this controversial issue, but as we are now facing a historic crossroads, it is important to set the record straight.

Over a decade ago, scientists at St. Barnabas Hospital in New Jersey announced that they had created genetically modified babies with a technique called ooplasmic transfer. They described this as "the first case of human germline modification," which means that they had changed the genes not only of the immediately resulting children, but also of any children they might have, on through the generations.

Ooplasmic transfer involved injecting part of a fertile woman's egg "white" into an infertile woman's egg. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration stopped the practice because there was no pre-clinical data about its safety, and because several fetuses created with the technique showed genetic anomalies. The FDA told the researchers that they would need to apply for approval in order...