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About Eugenics & Human Biotechnology


Eugenics entails using science and/or breeding techniques to produce individuals with preferred or "better" characteristics.

In the early twentieth century, eugenic ideologies and practices drew on genetic theories of the day in efforts to control human reproduction. This provided scientific cover for policy decisions about who should and shouldn't reproduce—decisions largely informed by discriminatory attitudes toward marginalized groups. In the United States, a widespread eugenics movement led to the forced sterilization of tens of thousands of people considered "unfit," to stringent immigration restrictions on undesired populations, and to public policies that encouraged "fitter families" to produce more children.

Eugenic ideas and rhetoric pioneered in the United States were taken up by the Nazis, who used them to justify their extermination of Jews, people with disabilities, and other groups. The Nazi genocides led to an almost complete rejection of eugenic ideas immediately after World War II.

In recent years, a small but disturbing number of scientists, scholars, and others have begun calling for "reconsideration." Some urge the development of inheritable genetic modification (changing the genes passed on to children) and the expanded use of selection technologies such as pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. Some support these technologies as a way to "seize control of human evolution." Others see them as an efficient, rapid means to produce "enhanced" children.

There are still some traditional eugenicists who focus on purported racial and group differences in intelligence and behavior. But many transhumanists and other eugenicists seek to differentiate their high-tech visions from earlier programs. They say that they reject the racism and government coercion that characterized various twentieth century eugenicists, and argue that market dynamics and individual choice will drive twenty-first century eugenics.



Discrimination Based on Genetics Could Soon be Illegal, and it’s Right on Timeby William Wolfe-WylieCanada.comNovember 18th, 2014As personalized genetic testing hits the mainstream, what companies do with that information is of growing concern.
Indian Sterilisation Patient: ‘I was Slapped and Told to Calm Down’by Alok Putul and Anu AnandThe GuardianNovember 15th, 2014Woman recounts treatment at camp where 15 women have died after taking antibiotics possibly tainted by rat poison chemical.
Breaking from our Eugenic Pastby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesNovember 13th, 2014As the victims of North Carolina's eugenics program finally receive compensation, we should not celebrate "the new eugenics" as some have argued, but learn carefully from this history.
FIXED: The Science/Fiction of Human Enhancementby Jonathan ChernoguzBiopolitical TimesNovember 12th, 2014The documentary produced and directed by Regan Brashear is receiving a new round of well-deserved positive attention around the world.
At Least 11 Women Die After Sterilization in Indiaby Katy DaigleAssociated PressNovember 11th, 2014A total of 83 women, all villagers under the age of 32, had the operations as part of India's free sterilization campaign. Dozens later became ill and were rushed to private hospitals.
Could Genomics Revive The Eugenics Movement?by Meredith SalisburyForbesNovember 8th, 2014There was a time when people in America were sterilized, sometimes unwittingly, by activists aiming to create a healthier, “better” population. As the progress of genomics accelerates, we need to remember the lessons of the past.
North Carolina Compensates Victims of Eugenic Sterilization[With CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Lily LouThe GuilfordianNovember 7th, 2014The drive behind these sterilizations was the eugenics movement: the pseudoscience of improving a society’s gene pool through reducing populations of people with negative traits.
‘Haunted Files': The Dark Side of Progressivismby Naomi Schaefer RileyNew York PostNovember 4th, 2014With funding from the Carnegie Institution and the Rockefeller Foundation, New York's Eugenics Records Office had the financial backing of the most important and “forward thinking” folks of the time.
Payments Start For N.C. Eugenics Victims, But Many Won't Qualifyby Eric MennelNPROctober 31st, 2014The new compensation law says, to be eligible, operations have to have occurred under the state's Eugenics Board. As it turns out, the board very likely wasn't aware of all the sterilizations taking place.
Why We Should Teach the History of Eugenicsby Jonathan ChernoguzBiopolitical TimesOctober 28th, 2014Two prominent universities have launched initiatives to focus on the history of eugenics.
How the Pro-Choice Movement Excludes People With Disabilitiesby Lenzi SheibleRH Reality CheckOctober 17th, 2014If we in the pro-choice movement don’t start paying serious attention to the ways in which our own practices contribute to the dehumanization of people with disabilities, we can’t keep claiming to operate under a reproductive justice framework at all.
When Racism Was a Scienceby Joshua A. KrischThe New York TimesOctober 13th, 2014Haunted Files: The Eugenics Record Office recreates a dark time in a laboratory's past.
Eugenics: The Academy's Complicityby Nathaniel Adam Tobias ColemanTimes Higher EducationOctober 9th, 2014The University of London will face up to its complicity in constructing unjust racial hierarchy, 110 years to the day that the university legitimised Francis Galton's research on eugenics.
Reproducing Raceby Dov FoxThe Huffington PostOctober 6th, 2014It is troubling for donor services to accentuate race in ways that invite parents to exclude wholesale from their consideration all donors of a particular race.
State to Send Out About 200 Eugenics Paymentsby Meghann EvansWinston-Salem JournalOctober 1st, 2014The first eugenics compensation payments are to be sent out by Oct. 31, and a second payment will be sent to victims next year.
The Troubling Persistence of Eugenicist Thought in Modern America by Michael Brendan DoughertyThe WeekSeptember 30th, 2014We no longer talk of "unfit" children, but we'll still destroy them in the name of quality of life.
California Bans Coerced Sterilization of Female Inmatesby Corey G. JohnsonCenter for Investigative ReportingSeptember 26th, 2014Gov. Jerry Brown has signed a bill that protects prisoners in county jails, state prisons and other detention centers, after many abuses were uncovered.
An End to Sterilization Abuses in California Prisonsby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesSeptember 26th, 2014The signing of SB 1135 into California law by Gov. Jerry Brown is an important victory in the fight for the remembrance of our state's eugenic history and its ongoing implications.
Arizona GOP Official Resigns After Controversial Commentsby Sean SullivanWashington PostSeptember 15th, 2014Russell Pearce is out after controversial comments about contraception, sterilization and Medicaid.
A Manifesto for Playing God with Human Evolutionby Carl ElliottNew ScientistSeptember 8th, 2014Fancy living forever, or uploading your mind to the net? The Proactionary Imperative embraces transhumanist dreams, but reminds why we need medical ethics.
Body Upgrades may be Nearing Reality, but Only for the Richby Ian SampleThe GuardianSeptember 5th, 2014Israeli historian Yuval Noah Harari says expensive human enhancements will lead to a society more unequal than ever.
Monument Seeks to End Silence on Killings of the Disabled by the Nazisby Melissa EddyThe New York TimesSeptember 2nd, 2014Among the last to have their suffering publicly acknowledged, the mentally ill and intellectually disabled victims of direct medical killings by the Nazis now have their own memorial in the heart of Berlin.
Our State's Eugenics Victims Deserve BetterThe Times NewsSeptember 1st, 2014Elnora Mills was one of an estimated 7,600 North Carolinians who were sterilized against their will between 1929 and 1974, when the forced eugenics program at last was brought to an end.
"We're All One of Troy's Babies": A Celebration of Troy Dusterby Victoria Massie, Biopolitical Times guest contributorAugust 21st, 2014On Friday, August 15th, I was one among a multitude of people finding a seat in Booth Auditorium at UC Berkeley Law School for the event “Celebrating Troy Duster.”
Troy Duster’s Garden of Plugged-In Scholarship, and How it Grewby Barry BergmanNewsCenterAugust 20th, 2014An overview of the CGS co-sponsored event to honor Troy Duster's landmark works on the racial implications of drug policies and genetic research, his role as adviser and friend, and his fierce activism.
California Couple Shares Surrogate Story in Wake of Thailand Controversy by Beth GreenfieldYahoo! HealthAugust 19th, 2014When news broke earlier this month about baby Gammy, many were shocked. But not Keston and Andrea Ott-Dahl, a San Francisco couple who had a similar experience right here in America.
California Lawmakers Pass Bill Banning Inmate Sterilizationsby Sharon BernsteinReutersAugust 19th, 2014California lawmakers sent a bill to ban sterilization surgeries on inmates in California prisons to Governor Jerry Brown.
Moving on from Nicholas Wade to Continuing Concerns about Scientific Racismby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesAugust 14th, 2014Over 140 geneticists publicly criticized Nicholas Wade for distorting their work; but that is unlikely to stop such abuse permanently, and many issues still deserve airing.
Will my Disabled Daughter have a Place in this Genetic Wonderland?by Ian BirrellThe GuardianAugust 7th, 2014Until society gets to grips with prejudice we cannot start to grapple with the profound questions that medical advances raise.
North Carolina and Genetics: From Sterilization to Research Subjectsby Victoria Massie, Biopolitical Times guest contributorAugust 7th, 2014In the twentieth century, North Carolina was one of dozens of states that targeted certain citizens for eugenic sterilization. Today, in a town outside Charlotte, biotech researchers are asking for urine and blood samples and offering $10 gift cards to WalMart in exchange.
Lord Winston’s Warningby Gulzaar BarnPractical EthicsAugust 5th, 2014Winston discusses the history and misuse of gene science and eugenics, and points to the potential resurgence of this way of thinking.
California Set to Prohibit Sterilization of Prisonersby Jonathan ChernoguzBiopolitical TimesJuly 24th, 2014With the unanimous approval of Senate Bill 1135 in Sacramento last month, the victims of recent unauthorized sterilizations in California prisons, and their advocates, seem likely to win this important victory.
Eugenic Policies of the Past Teach Sobering Lessonsby Calum MacKellarThe ScotsmanJuly 24th, 2014The support of Scottish thinkers for eugenics is revealed in a new book entitled The Ethics of the New Eugenics.
A Whisper Past: Childless after Eugenic Sterilization in Albertaby Moyra LangLiving Archives on Eugenics BlogJuly 21st, 2014Leilani Muir, eugenic survivor, has written her biography and launched it at the Alberta Gallery of Art.
Reaping the Whirlwind of Nazi Eugenicsby Kate DouglasNew ScientistJuly 14th, 2014In the 1960s, eugenics was reinvented as behaviour genetics, but soon went back off the rails. Aaron Panofsky's Misbehaving Science explores what happened.
Remembering Nikola Tesla, Eugenicistby Michael CookBioEdgeJuly 12th, 2014In 1935 Tesla gave an interview to the American magazine Liberty in which he peered 100 years into the future with his enthusiastic endorsement of eugenics.
The Perfect 46: A “Science Factual” Film about our Near Futureby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJuly 10th, 2014A new science fiction film called “a sort of prequel to Gattaca” highlights the rise and fall of a genetic startup that analyzes people’s genomes to assess their ability to produce disease-free children.
We're Already Designing Babies[With CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Olga KhazanThe AtlanticJuly 3rd, 2014Even today, parents are selecting for the traits they want in their offspring. But how far should the genetic tailoring go?
Should We Design Our Babies? [VIDEO] [With CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]The Aspen InstituteJuly 2nd, 2014At the Aspen Ideas Festival, Marcy Darnovsky and Nita A. Farahany discuss the possibility and implications of "designer babies."
End Closer for Eugenics Chapterby EditorialCharlotte ObserverJune 29th, 2014The deadline approaches for victims of the state’s long-running eugenics program to file for compensation from a fund N.C. lawmakers approved.
Deadline Looms for NC Eugenics Victims Paymentsby Jerome Batley jrAssociated PressJune 26th, 2014North Carolina is the first of 33 states that ran forced sterilization programs to compensate victims. 520 people have come forward.
Quantified and Analyzed, Before the First Breathby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJune 26th, 2014Could whole genome sequencing in utero ever become the norm? Should it?
Eugenics Reparations Removed from Budgetby Joyce LiptrapLetter to the Editor, News LeaderJune 25th, 2014Virginia House Bill 1529: Justice for The Victims of Sterilization would have created a fund for reparations to Virginia residents physically mutilated at the hand of state funded institutions.
Pro-choice, Pro-Information, Anti-Eugenicsby David PerryThisMess.netJune 23rd, 2014Whatever information is provided in the context of the pre-natal diagnosis should actually be true and inclusive.
Female Prison Inmates Sterilized Illegally, California Audit Confirms by Corey G. JohnsonCFIRJune 19th, 2014The California state auditor blasted federal and state oversight of sterilization surgeries for female prison inmates, finding numerous illegal surgeries and violations of the state’s informed-consent law.
Vasectomies Should Not Be Used as Punishmentby Amanda MarcotteSlateJune 18th, 201420 months in prison, five years of probation, and a vasectomy. As part of his plea deal, Jesse Lee Herald had to agree to get snipped when he got out of jail.
Eugenicists Never Retreat, They Just Regroup: Sterilization and Reproductive Oppression in Prisonsby Loretta RossRH Reality CheckJune 12th, 2014Women in California prisons have been illegally sterilized, nearly four decades after sterilization abuse guidelines were implemented at the state and the federal level.
Wading into Racismby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJune 6th, 2014A Troublesome Inheritance: Genes, Race and Human History has been out for a month, and the fuss, such as it was, seems to be dying down, but the underlying issues remain significant.
Orphan Black: The Best Show You’ve Never Seenby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesMay 29th, 2014A BBC America television series about clones is seriously good.
Making Babiesby Alexis C. MadrigalThe AtlanticMay 21st, 2014Some guesses about how the future may change what’s involved in making a person—from the ease of getting pregnant, to the mechanics of procreation, to our very definition of family.
Nicholas Wade: Genes, Race and Anthropologyby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesMay 8th, 2014Is Nicholas Wade shocked and horrified that his new book, A Troublesome Inheritance: Genes, Race and Human History, is getting support from racists? Really, what did he expect?
Fertility Guru's IVF warning: Rich Could Pay to Have Brighter Babiesby Mario Ledwith and Fiona MacraeDaily MailMay 5th, 2014Breakthroughs in IVF could "threaten our humanity" by prompting parents to demand designer babies, warns fertility pioneer Lord Robert Winston.
Advocates for Children and Childhood Mobilizing on Concerns about GM Babiesby Marcy DarnovskyBiopolitical TimesApril 17th, 2014Concern about "three-person embryo" techniques is growing among advocates for children and childhood.
Doctors Weigh in on So-Called "Designer Babies" Debateby Erin BillupsTime Warner Cable NewsApril 16th, 2014Should scientists be allowed to alter the mitochondria in a mother's egg to produce a healthy baby? NYU Langone Fertility specialist Dr. David Keefe, who helped pioneer the technique, says there are still many lingering questions.
Embryo Screening and the Ethics of Human Genetic Engineering[Quotes CGS's Richard Hayes]by Leslie A. PrayIndian DefenceApril 8th, 2014In April 2008, Ronald M. Green published his case in support of the genetic engineering of embryos; Richard Hayes rebutted, warning of a "neo-eugenic future" and "the danger of genetic misuse."
Genetic Inheritance: How Much do you Want to Know?by Stuart JeffriesThe GuardianApril 4th, 2014Scientist Sharon Moalem says we will soon be able to alter our children's lives with genetic manipulation – would you do it if you could?
Reproductive Justice Advocates: Don’t Roll Back Sterilization Consent Rulesby Deborah ReidRH Reality CheckApril 2nd, 2014Given the historic context and lingering reproductive inequalities involving underserved women, an informed dialogue is a critical first step in any re-evaluation of the Medicaid sterilization consent requirement.
California Bill Tackles Sterilization of Female InmatesAljazeera AmericaApril 2nd, 2014A bill was presented to the California Senate Health Committee that aims to close loopholes that allowed doctors to sterilize hundreds of female inmates without state approval.
Forced Sterilization Nurse: ‘I Can See Now It Was So Wrong’by Lori Jane GlihaAlJazeera AmericaMarch 24th, 2014A nurse at the government-run 'State Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded' and witnessed what may have been thousands of forced sterilizations - part of a government effort to rid society of the “defective,” and create a super race.
Hitler’s Favorite American: “Biological Fascism” in the Shadow of New York Cityby Paul MartinSalonMarch 23rd, 2014Eugenicists advocated three ways of dealing with the perceived problem of bad genes: immigration restrictions, the prevention of “unfit” marriages, and involuntary sterilization of “defective” individuals in state care.
Sterilization Survivors Can't Fully Escape Eugenics Eraby Calvin TriceNews LeaderMarch 23rd, 2014Some three dozen states had eugenics laws, and Virginia has been among those who have for decades resisted any attempts at compensating victims who are still alive.
When Science Doesn't Have all the Answersby Louise KinrossBloomMarch 6th, 2014My son’s rare genetic deletion is on the list of disorders identified by microarray analysis of a fetus’s DNA. It makes me sad to think that the lives of children like my son are being targeted for termination. Is this a step forward?
Three-Parent Babies and Eugenicsby Nathaniel ComfortGenotopiaMarch 6th, 2014The “three-parent baby” is most certainly genetic engineering — it just modifies “cassettes” of genes, if you will, rather than tweaking single genes or nucleotides. It is exactly as eugenic as going through conventional IVF and selecting the traits you want in your offspring.
The Dangerous “Science” of Gregory Clark, as Read in The New York Timesby Matt RubenPhiladelphia MagazineFebruary 26th, 2014The pseudo-scientific notion that genetics explains why elite families and groups remain on top has surfaced again in a recent New York Times column.
The New Science Of Three-Parent Babies[With CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Tom AshbrookNPR On PointFebruary 26th, 2014Mixing DNA from three people to produce one healthy baby. We’ll look at the controversial world of mitochondrial manipulation therapies to avoid inherited disease.
Genetically Modified Babiesby Marcy DarnovskyThe New York TimesFebruary 23rd, 2014An advisory committee of the Food and Drug Administration is set to consider radical biological procedures that, if successful, would produce genetically modified human beings. This is a dangerous step.
Is Genetic Testing Humans Playing God?by Robert KlitzmanCNNFebruary 22nd, 2014Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis allows doctors to test embryos before they are implanted into a woman's womb, to help ensure that certain gene mutations are not passed on. But this procedure is raising myriad complex ethical and social issues.
Old Songs, New Tests, and Expensive Childrenby George Estreich, Biopolitical Times guest contributorFebruary 20th, 2014The CEO of AOL justified a restructuring of the company’s 401(K) plan by citing two "distressed babies." This tone-deaf insensitivity was answered by a disapproving choir, but it sadly resembles too many descriptions of the "cost" of people with disabilities.
Calif. Prison Doctor Linked to Sterilizations no Stranger to Controversyby Corey G. JohnsonThe Center for Investigative ReportingFebruary 13th, 2014A prison doctor investigated by the California medical board after ordering tubal ligations without state approval is responsible for hundreds of other inmate sterilizations.
Let’s Keep the Door to Biotechnological Eugenics Closed by Enola AirdMomsRisingFebruary 10th, 2014The Food and Drug Administration will hold a public meeting this month to discuss oocyte modification and "three-parent babies." Here are three reasons to forego this kind of experimentation.
To Catch a Killer Gene: Sisters Race to Stop Mystery Disease[Quotes CGS's Osagie K. Obasogie]by Tony DokoupilNBC NewsFebruary 6th, 2014This story of a family banding together to stop a disease before it cuts a path through society illustrates the promise of genomic medicine, but also the soul-troubling questions that arise when people have a hand in their own evolution.
Ethics Questions Arise as Genetic Testing of Embryos Increasesby Gina KolataThe New York TimesFebruary 3rd, 2014The procedure raises unsettling ethical questions that trouble advocates for the disabled and have left some doctors struggling with what they should tell their patients.
A Chinese Prodigy's Quest For The Genetic Roots Of Geniusby Ursula GauthierWorldcrunchJanuary 22nd, 2014Zhao Bowen’s mission is to sequence the genome of prodigies like himself to find the genetic roots of genius.
Building the Better Babyby Craig KlugmanBioethics.netJanuary 21st, 2014BGI, the Chinese company, is hoping that it will soon be able to offer parents an option like that in GATTACA — choosing the “smartest” embryo.
CGS Letter to the FDA on Mitochondrial TransferThe Center for Genetics and Society's letter regarding the FDA's February 25-26 public meeting to discuss the advisability of a technique that would modify the human germline.
Google, Tell Me. Is My Son a Genius?by Seth Stephens-DavidowitzNew York TimesJanuary 18th, 2014Google searches suggest that American parents are far more likely to want their boys smart and their girls skinny. Among those looking for information on sex selection, there is about a 10 percent preference for boys.
DNA Dreamingby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJanuary 13th, 2014A new documentary looks at the Chinese company that styles itself "the world’s largest genomics organization,” and its hunt for the genetic basis of intelligence.
Chinese Scientists, “Genius Genes,” and the Future of Genomicsby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJanuary 7th, 2014The New Yorker delves into the “biological data mill” that is BGI: the world’s largest, and arguably most controversial, genomics headquarters.
Should Persons Affected by Mitochondrial Disorders Not be Brought Into Existence?by Professor Calum MacKellarBioNewsJanuary 6th, 2014What is being proposed is not a form of therapy in which a person is being treated or cured for a disorder. Instead, it is making sure that certain persons are not brought into existence.
Biopolitical News of the Year 2013by Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesDecember 19th, 2013For better and worse, 2013 has been a year in which several related issues familiar to those who follow human biotechnology moved into the wider sphere of public discussion.
Too Much Informationby Amanda SchafferMIT Technology ReviewDecember 17th, 2013Advances in non-invasive prenatal screening could collide with the politics of abortion and raise the ugly specter of eugenics. Are there limits to how much data parents should have—or want to have—about their children before birth?
Virginia Under Renewed Pressure to Give Reparations for Those Sterilized Under State Lawby Fredrick KunkleThe Washington PostDecember 8th, 2013A drumbeat from both the left and the right of the political spectrum has revived outrage over eugenics and 20th-century forcible sterilizations.
Are Three Parents One Too Many?[Quotes CGS]by Stephen L. CarterBloombergNovember 27th, 2013The U.K. may soon approve a regulatory proposal that would allow scientists to create a human embryo using the DNA of three individuals. What’s striking is how the many opponents span the political spectrum.
Philanthropy's Original Sinby William A. SchambraThe New AtlantisNovember 15th, 2013For all of philanthropy's wonderful qualities, it's important to understand that the first American foundations were deeply immersed in eugenics — the effort to promote the reproduction of the “fit” and to suppress the reproduction of the “unfit.”
How Do Eugenics Victims Find Justice? by Belle BoggsIndy WeekNovember 9th, 2013This year, the North Carolina Legislature approved monetary compensation for the state's eugenics victims. Is that enough?
Future Past: Disability, Eugenics, & Brave New Worldsby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesNovember 7th, 2013A public symposium held on November 1 at San Francisco State University provided a rare and important opportunity to engage with the historical and ongoing implications of eugenic ideologies and practices for people with disabilities.
Designer Babies: Fact or Fiction?[Quotes CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Franki WebbIPPro Life SciencesOctober 31st, 2013To what extent is 23andMe’s “designer babies” patent scientifically and morally dubious? IPPro speaks to experts about the controversial subject.
Are We Too Close to Making Gattaca a Reality?by Ferris JabrScientific AmericanOctober 28th, 2013An era of market-based eugenics would exterminate any lingering notions of meritocracy. But that could never happen this side of the silver screen, right?
Advocating Eugenics in the UK Department of Educationby Pete ShanksHuffington PostOctober 28th, 2013A senior adviser to the UK Secretary of State for Education has provoked a flurry of complaints about his technocratic, effectively eugenic, definitely gene-focused approach to public policy.
Advocating Eugenics in the UK Department of Educationby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesOctober 24th, 2013Dominic Cummings, a senior adviser to the UK Secretary of State for Education, recently provoked a flurry of complaints about his technocratic, effectively eugenic, definitely gene-focused approach to public policy.
New Tests, Same Old Bias and Misinformationby Rachel AdamsThe Huffington PostOctober 21st, 2013October is National Down Syndrome Awareness Month, so the timing of a lazy and poorly researched New York Times piece on prenatal screening was particularly unfortunate.
The Eugenics Legacy of the Nobelist Who Fathered IVFby Osagie K. ObasagieScientific AmericanOctober 4th, 2013A pioneer of the technology that led to the first "test-tube baby" was also an active member of Britain’s Eugenics Society.
Girls Not Allowedby Vanessa BairdNew InternationalistOctober 4th, 2013Honest regulation of sex selection, however tricky to enforce, is necessary because individual acts are having extremely harmful collective consequences.
23andMe Says It's Not (Now) in the Designer Baby Businessby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesOctober 4th, 2013The direct-to-consumer genetic testing company was awarded a patent for "gamete donor selection based on genetic calculations," but now says it has no intention of using the technology.
My Disabled Body, My Choiceby Veronica FoaleABCOctober 2nd, 2013Being disabled is a challenge in itself without society imposing restrictions on our fertility.
[VIDEO] Debating Embryonic Genetic Testing[With CGS Advisory Board member Francine Coeytaux]The DoctorsOctober 1st, 2013New genetic tests, including Next Generation Sequencing, can radically improve the odds of a healthy, full term pregnancy … but where do we draw the line? Hear more from The Doctors.
On Designer Babiesby Sheldon KrimskyTufts Medicine, Summer 2013It is unimaginable that any humane society would permit a human trial of genetic modification where the potential risks so outweigh the social benefits.
Gendercide in the CaucasusThe EconomistSeptember 21st, 2013The practice of aborting female foetuses is found mostly in China and other Asian countries. But it is prevalent in the Caucasus, too. Two new studies look at why—and suggest the practice may spread.
Calif. Seeks Answers On Questionable Prison Sterilizationsby Pauline BartoloneNPRSeptember 20th, 2013Lawmakers in California have called for an internal audit after an investigation revealed that women were receiving sterilization procedures improperly at several state prisons.
Ethical Minefield of Parents in Controlby Neil McMahonThe Sydney Morning HeraldSeptember 14th, 2013Designer babies - their gender, personality traits and skin color chosen by genetic testing - are a looming reality. But are we ready to confront this minefield of ethics?
Involuntary Sterilization Then and Nowby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesAugust 28th, 2013North Carolina will be the first US state to offer compensation to victims of state-sponsored forced sterilization programs. The decision marks a milestone in the long struggle for recognition of this tragic history, but what about the questionable sterilizations still taking place today?
Righting a Wrong: NC to Pay Victims of Forced Sterilizationby Kimberly JohnsonAljazeera AmericaAugust 23rd, 2013Many states had eugenics programs; North Carolina will be the first to provide financial compensation.
Is Individuality the Savior of Eugenics?by Nathaniel ComfortScientific AmericanAugust 23rd, 2013Once defined as “the science of human improvement through better breeding,” eugenics has roared back into the headlines in recent weeks in both Mr. Hyde and Dr. Jekyll personae.
California Legislators Urge Speedy Inquiry into Prison Sterilizationsby Corey G. JohnsonCenter for Investigative ReportingAugust 21st, 2013Legislators today fast-tracked an audit into why doctors under contract with the state sterilized nearly 150 female prison inmates from 2006 to 2010 without the required authorizations.
As Prenatal Testing For Down Syndrome Increases, So Do Concerns About Counselingby Katherine BindleyHuffington PostAugust 20th, 2013As noninvasive tests become the new norm in prenatal care, medical professionals and genetic counselors hope that women will get the guidance they need.
North Carolina’s Bold Model for Eugenics Compensationby Peter Hardin and Paul LombardoRichmond Times-DispatchAugust 11th, 2013In a landmark action, North Carolina legislators have voted to spend $10 million to compensate men and women sterilized under the state’s 20th century eugenics program.
Is Eugenics Ever Okay?by Nathaniel ComfortGenotopiaJuly 26th, 2013Recognizing that we are grasping the reins of human evolution as fast as we can raises two sets of concerns. First, “What if it doesn’t work?” Second, "What if it does?"
Sterilization Abuse in State Prisons: Time to Break With California's Long Eugenic Patternsby Alex Stern and Tony PlattThe Huffington PostJuly 23rd, 2013The recent revelation that 148 female prisoners in two California institutions were sterilized between 2006 and 2010 is another example of the state's long history of reproductive injustice and the ongoing legacy of eugenics.
Payouts to NC Eugenics Victims Could be Modestby Michael BieseckerAssociated PressJuly 22nd, 2013State lawmakers have agreed to compensate victims of a eugenics program that for decades forced people who social workers said were developmentally disabled to undergo sterilization.
Made With Loveby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJuly 22nd, 2013The first baby has been born following “next generation genetic sequencing” of IVF embryos. What are the implications?
Pitts: Gruesome Bad Old Days of Eugenics Haven't Left Usby Leonard PittsThe ColumbianJuly 15th, 2013We have traveled far, only to wind up in this familiar place where the vulnerable and voiceless, the ones most deserving of our compassion, are regarded instead as inferiors and allowed to be victimized.
The Gene For Hubrisby Nathaniel ComfortGenotopiaJuly 10th, 2013Genetics and reproduction are intensely potent, and wherever we find abuse of power we should be alert to the harnessing of biology in the service of tyranny.
Designer Babies are on the Horizon but Aren't Here Yet by EditorialNew ScientistJuly 10th, 2013IVF is inexorably opening the door to a future where parents can choose desirable traits in their children.
Illegal Sterilizations in Modern California Jailsby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJuly 10th, 2013The Center for Investigative Reporting has published a detailed exposé of unauthorized sterilizations of unwilling women in California jails from 2006 to 2010, and probably before, bringing the issue to national attention.
'Designer Babies': The Ultimate Privileged Elite?by Heather LongGuardianJuly 9th, 2013A US baby born via IVF and genetically screened could open the door to wealthy parents selecting for ideal traits in their kids.
Eight Misconceptions about “Three-Parent Babies”by Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJuly 9th, 2013Amid the talk about “mitochondria replacement” or “three-parent babies," here are the top misconceptions proliferating about the efficacy, safety, public support, and societal implications.
A Slippery Slope to Human Germline Modificationby Marcy DarnovskyNatureJuly 9th, 2013The United Kingdom’s decision to trial the technique of mitochondrial replacement is premature and ill-conceived.
Legislature Can Still Do Eugenics CompensationCharlotte ObserverJuly 8th, 2013The North Carolina legislature can still include money in this year’s budget to compensate victims of the state’s disgraceful and long-running eugenics program.
Female Inmates Sterilized in California Prisons Without Approvalby Corey G. JohnsonCenter for Investigative ReportingJuly 7th, 2013The Center for Investigative Reporting has found that California doctors sterilized nearly 150 female inmates from 2006 to 2010 without required state approvals.
The Rise of a New Eugenicsby Lloyd Lewis and Julie ReiskinDenver PostJuly 4th, 2013Non-invasive prenatal testing technology is dangerously ahead of society's understanding of people who have Down syndrome.
DOH Mulls Infant Gender-Selection Curbs For Sex Ratioby Alison HsiaoTaipei TimesJuly 1st, 2013Taiwan’s skewed boy-girl ratio of newborns is a serious issue, the health agency said, after drawing fire for its gender balance policies.
Public Interest Group Urges UK Government Not to Break International Consensus Against Inheritable Genetic Modification[Press statement]June 27th, 2013That the UK may move toward permitting mitochondrial replacement is particularly disturbing when the safety is very much in doubt, when its usefulness is dubious, and when the claim of public support is highly misleading at best.
Sterilized Transsexuals Sue Swedish governmentby Ann TörnkvistThe LocalJune 24th, 2013Swedish transsexuals who had to accept sterilization to change gender legally are demanding compensation from the government.
The Bleak New World of Prenatal Geneticsby Marcy Darnovsky and Alexandra Minna SternThe Wall Street JournalJune 12th, 2013Like so many other powerful technologies, fetal gene tests must be used with caution and care.
Mexican Americans Sterilized Disproportionately in California Institutions, Study Saysby Roque PlanasThe Huffington PostJune 5th, 2013A new study shows definitively that Mexican Americans were disproportionately sterilized in California during the first half of the 20th century.
Quest for 'Genius Babies'?by Colleen FlahertyInside Higher EdMay 29th, 2013Controversy about a cognitive genomics project raises concerns that a new generation of eugenicists may be coming of age.
Groups File Suit Against Arizona Law that Bans Abortion Based on Race, Gender Selectionby Howard FischerEast Valley TribuneMay 29th, 2013A coalition of rights groups are suing to overturn a two-year-old Arizona law banning abortion for race or gender selection.
Predicting the IQ of Future Peopleby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesMay 15th, 2013The resignation of Jason Richwine from the Heritage Foundation raised the profile of racist views about IQ. Expect new publicity soon for genetic claims about intelligence.
“World's First GM Babies Born”: 12-Year-Old Article Continues to Cause Confusionby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesApril 25th, 2013An undated Daily Mail article that is actually over a decade old continues to spread misinformation about human genetic modification.
Prenatal DNA Sequencingby Antonio RegaladoMIT Technology ReviewApril 23rd, 2013Reading the DNA of fetuses is the next frontier of the genome revolution. Do you really want to know the genetic destiny of your unborn child?
The Baby Blueprint [VIDEO][With CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]Al Jazeera EnglishApril 22nd, 2013Would you choose your child's genetic potential? Live debate with Marcy Darnovsky, Stuart Newman, Julian Savulescu, and Nita Farahany.
Lord Robert Winston Warning Over Child ‘Eugenics’ by Lyndsay BucklandScotsmanApril 11th, 2013A leading fertility expert warns that reproductive technologies could enable a form of eugenics with serious implications for the individuals involved and society in general.
Made-to-Order Embryos for Sale — A Brave New World?by I. Glenn Cohen and Eli Y. AdashiThe New England Journal of MedicineApril 10th, 2013The proliferation of sperm and egg banks has opened the door to a made-to-order embryo industry in which embryos are generated with a commercial transaction in mind.
Wake Forest examines eugenics here and abroadby John HintonWinston-Salem JournalApril 2nd, 2013A conference examines the history of forced sterilization in North Carolina and Central Europe, and the legacies of eugenics.
Are Parents Entitled To Create A Dream Child? [VIDEO][With CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]HuffPost LiveMarch 29th, 2013What if science allowed prospective parents to create smarter and healthier babies? This idea is just as exciting as it is alarming, but is it realistic? Should it be?
GM Crops Evil, GM Children OK?by Chris BennettWestern Farm PressMarch 27th, 2013China is surging ahead with a research project aimed at identifying millions of genetic variations in order to boost intelligence.
HealthWatch: Britain Considers Allowing Babies From 3 Parents [Video][With CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Kim MulvihillCBS San FranciscoMarch 20th, 2013Britain's fertility regulator says it has found broad public support for in vitro fertilization techniques that allow babies to be created with DNA from three people for couples at risk of passing on potentially fatal genetic diseases.
Three-Person IVF Moves Closer in UKby James GallagherBBC NewsMarch 20th, 2013The UK has moved closer to becoming the first country to allow the creation of babies from three people.
Eugenics Fear Over Gene Modification[Letter to the Editor]by David King et al.The GuardianMarch 15th, 2013The benefits of mitochondrial replacement are heavily outweighed by the risks to the child and to society.
Experiments with Inheritable Genetic Modificationby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesMarch 13th, 2013A developmental biologist looks carefully at research on mitochondria replacement that would be an experimental form of human inheritable genetic modification.
The British Embryo Authority and the Chamber of Eugenicsby Stuart A. NewmanHuffington PostMarch 11th, 2013Mitochondria replacement would be a misuse of technology with clear potential for individual and social harms.
Meet the New Eugenics, Same as the Old Eugenicsby Gina Maranto, Biopolitical Times guest contributorBiopolitical TimesMarch 4th, 2013According to a new wave of eugenic advocacy, “we” have a “moral obligation” to enhance future generations.
The Throwawaysby Sara MojtehedzadehGuernicaMarch 1st, 2013In Kenya, doctors are force-sterilizing HIV-positive women—in some cases, without their knowledge.
Selling the Story: Down Syndrome, Fetal Gene Testing, and The Today Showby George Estreich, Biopolitical Times guest contributorBiopolitical TimesFebruary 28th, 2013On The Today Show, a couple learns the results of a noninvasive prenatal test. Left unanswered are questions about the effects of new technologies, and how those technologies are sold.
A Call for International Prohibition of Forced Genital-Normalizing Surgery and Sterilizationby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesFebruary 21st, 2013A new report from the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture focuses on human rights abuses in health-care settings, and bolsters LGBTQI activists in their fight against involuntary sterilizations and genital-normalizing surgeries.
"Genius Genes" to be Named in Three Months, Says Chinese "Wunderkind"by Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesFebruary 20th, 2013BGI, the Chinese gene-sequencing behemoth, is working with Stephen Hsu and Robert Plomin in an attempt to identify genes for intelligence.
Parents of Down's Syndrome Woman, 21, Can NOT Have her Sterilised, Rules Judge by Daniel MillerDaily MailFebruary 16th, 2013In a landmark ruling in London, the sterilization of a woman with Down's syndrome at her parents' request was ruled 'disproportionate' and in violation of her human rights.
Exaggerations and Misrepresentations Have No Place in Science Policy Debatesby Jeremy GruberCouncil for Responsible GeneticsFebruary 15th, 2013A recent debate on whether we should prohibit genetically engineered babies wound up focusing on mitochondrial replacement techniques.
Yes, Virginia, Your Reproductive Rights Are Compromised by Alex SternHuffington PostFebruary 12th, 2013In Virginia as in many other states, legislative battles about reproductive rights are front and center. One pending bill proposes reparations for victims of the state's eugenic sterilization policy; the other seeks to end the 30-day waiting period for sterilization.
Horror in a Mass Sterilization Camp: Unconscious Indian Women Were Dumped in a Field After Undergoing a Painful Sterilization Operation by Carol KuruvillaNew York Daily NewsFebruary 7th, 2013A sterilization drive at a rural hospital in West Bengal ended in scandal after four doctors rushed to sterilize 106 Indian women within a day and left them outside to recover.
Israel Admits Targeting Ethiopian Jews for Compulsory Contraception by Diane ToberBiopolitical TimesFebruary 7th, 2013Israeli government officials have admitted to coercing Ethiopian Jewish immigrant women into taking long-acting contraceptive injections.
Promoting the Civil Rights of Children Born With Variations of Sex AnatomyAdvocates for Informed ChoiceFebruary 6th, 2013The UN Special Rapporteur on Torture calls upon all States to repeal any law allowing intrusive and irreversible treatments, including forced genital-normalizing surgery, involuntary sterilization, and unethical experimentation.
Eugenics Compensation Bill Sidelined in Va. Houseby Bill SizemoreThe Virginian-PilotFebruary 5th, 2013A bipartisan proposal to compensate Virginians who were involuntarily sterilized during the eugenics era is going nowhere, sidelined by its potential price tag.
High School Students' Campaign to Spread Awareness of California’s Eugenic Historyby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesFebruary 1st, 2013A group of California high school students have started a petition asking that textbook standards and curricula be changed to include the state’s history of sterilization and eugenics.
Hilary Rose: The Problem with the Bioscience Industry – Videoby Hilary RoseThe GuardianJanuary 30th, 2013Hilary Rose, co-author of Genes, Cells and Brains, argues that we should treat the medical claims made for genetic research with suspicion.
Israel Admits Ethiopian Women Were Given Birth Control Shots by Talila NesherHaaretzJanuary 27th, 2013The Health Ministry director general has instructed gynecologists not to inject women with the long-acting contraceptive Depo-Provera if they do not understand the ramifications of treatment.
A Small Sign of Virginia's Sins[Editorial]The Virginian-PilotJanuary 25th, 2013The General Assembly is considering a measure that would offer $50,000 to people once deemed by the state to be unfit to have children.
Human Rights and Sweden’s Repeal of Required Sterilization for Transgender Peopleby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJanuary 23rd, 2013The Swedish law that required transgender people to undergo sterilization before they could be legally recognized as another gender has been recognized as a violation of human rights.
George Church on Neanderthal Clones and Designer Babies by Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJanuary 23rd, 2013George Church now says that he doesn't advocate cloning a Neanderthal with a human surrogate. Here's some context.
Gene-ism and Mass Murderby Marcy DarnovskyBiopolitical TimesJanuary 22nd, 2013Proposals to analyze the genes of a mass murderer have rightly drawn criticism from experts, including the editors of Nature.
Fetal Genome Screening Could Prove TragicScientific AmericanJanuary 18th, 2013Parents will soon be able to have their fetus' genes mapped. Without proper guidance, they might decide to end the pregnancy based on a misguided reading of the genetic tea leaves.
Sweden Ends Forced Sterilisation of Sex Change PatientsMedical ExpressJanuary 10th, 2013Sweden will no longer require sex change patients to be sterilised, ruling that the practice is unconstitutional and in violation of the European Convention on Human Rights.
Brave New Cells?by Donna DickensonProject SyndicateDecember 29th, 2012Supporters of mitochondria replacement neglect a crucial factor in the debate: the techniques being developed involve permanent genetic alterations passed on to future generations.
Seeking Answers in Genome of Gunmanby Gina KolataNew York TimesDecember 24th, 2012In a move likely to renew a longstanding ethical controversy, geneticists are quietly making plans to study the DNA of the man who killed 20 children and seven adults in Newtown, Connecticut.
Why China is a Genetic Powerhouse with a Problem [Quotes CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Carolyn Abraham and Carolynne WheelerThe Globe and MailDecember 15th, 2012Worry mounts that Beijing Genomics Institute, an enterprise backed in part with bank loans supported by the Chinese government, has unfettered access to the genetic building blocks of humanity.
N.C. House will Consider Eugenics Payouts Againby Patrick GannonStar News OnlineDecember 13th, 2012The North Carolina House will again pursue legislation in 2013 to compensate residents sterilized decades ago by a state-sanctioned board.
Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing: Is This the Brave New World We Want?by Alexandra Minna SternThe Huffington PostDecember 11th, 2012Several companies have recently unveiled non-invasive prenatal tests for use among "high-risk" women, but the history of prenatal testing in America suggests that a path to routinization is all but assured.
Drug Firms Bought East German Patients to Use as Human Guinea Pigs by Tony PatersonThe IndependentDecember 5th, 2012Communist East Germany allowed Western drug companies to use its medical patients as unwitting guinea pigs for tests with untried pharmaceuticals in return for hundreds of thousands in hard currency.
Selecting Against Disease[Quotes CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Urmila RamakrishnanFin MagazineNovember 26th, 2012Although we may not have control over the end of the world, genetic counseling and selection will give us power to manipulate the quality and extent of individual lives.
Tesla, Eugenics And Rationalizing Dehumanizationby Alex KnappForbesNovember 19th, 2012Famed inventor Nikola Tesla was an ardent supporter of eugenics, predicting universally established eugenics by the year 2100.
Mitochondria Replacement Would Forever Alter the Human Germline. Do You Want a Say? by Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesNovember 15th, 2012The Center for Genetics and Society has sent a letter strongly recommending against changing the United Kingdom law that – like those in dozens of other countries – prohibits procedures that would alter the genes we pass on to our children.
Anatomy of a Webpage, Part 3: Selling “Peace of Mind”by George Estreich, Biopolitical Times guest contributorNovember 13th, 2012New developments in prenatal tests are triggering aggressive - and often misleading - marketing. Thankfully, there are signs of push-back from a society that is learning that people are more than their syndromes.
The Eugenic Impulseby Nathaniel ComfortThe Chronicle of Higher EducationNovember 12th, 2012Medical geneticists are working on weeding out disease, but what counts as disease is murky and the slide from prevention to enhancement loses friction fast.
Inquiry Into Practice of Sterilising Disabled Womenby Tom NightingaleABC News (Australia)November 1st, 2012A Senate committee is looking into the controversial practice of sterilising disabled people, which is still legal in Australia.
Anatomy of a Webpage, Part 2: Preconception Servicesby George Estreich, Biopolitical Times guest contributorOctober 17th, 2012People living with genetic diseases become medicalized abstractions of risk and defect in the slick marketing of fetal gene tests. More than a matter of semantics, such simplification has negative consequences for all.
We are More Than the Sum of our Genesby Stella YoungRamp UpOctober 9th, 2012As a disabled feminist, I'm often asked about my views on medical procedures like pre-natal screening and preimplantation genetic diagnosis.
New Director's Experience a Plus for MSU, but his Controversial Views Concern Someby Matthew MillerLansing State JournalOctober 6th, 2012The newly appointed vice president of research at Michigan State University holds controversial views about genes and intelligence.
Prenatal Test Presents Dilemmas to Expectant Mothersby Maureen SalamonUS NewsSeptember 28th, 2012Some women label information about fetal chromosomal abnormalities "toxic knowledge" they wish they hadn't received, a small new study shows.
Complete Video Now Online for Eugenics in California: A Legacy of the Past?by Center for Genetics and SocietyBiopolitical TimesSeptember 28th, 2012A video recording of a public event at Berkeley School of Law about the legacies of eugenics in California.
Anatomy of a Webpage: Marketing Fetal Gene Tests and Sequenom’s MaterniT21by George EstreichBiopolitical Times guest contributorSeptember 24th, 2012In the age of genomics, whole-chromosome conditions are only the beginning. Our ability to sample fetal DNA from maternal blood means that not only Down syndrome, but before long any condition with a genetic component, any “risk,” can be forecast.
'Single Gene May Hold Key to Life Itself'by Nathaniel ComfortHuffington PostSeptember 23rd, 2012"Gene for..." headlines may be a symptom of, or catalyst for, Americans' infatuation with controlling life.
Ich Bin ein Scroungerby Judith LevineSeven DaysSeptember 21st, 2012Every one of us is, or will be, disabled in some way. Must we all be Paralympians?
Bioethicist Pushes Us Toward Our Eugenic Dutyby Anna Hamilton, Biopolitical Times Guest ContributorSeptember 6th, 2012A professor of ethics takes his campaign for "breeding better babies" to the Reader's Digest.
Health Ministry to Expand Pregnant Women's Genetic Testing Subsidies by Yaron KelnerYNet NewsAugust 31st, 2012A new initiative in Israel will subsidize advanced genetic testing for pregnant women, providing prenatal diagnosis of genetic abnormalities.
Madison Heights Woman Recalls Forced Sterilization at Training Centerby Ray ReedThe News and AdvanceAugust 18th, 2012In 1959, the state of Virginia sterilized Sarah Pack Wiley, having deemed her mentally deficient and wanting to prevent her from having children.
Mentos: Court Jester for Singapore's Eugenic Regime? by Mike Beitiks, Biopolitical Times guest contributorAugust 17th, 2012An attempt at buzz marketing makes an odd, albeit accidental, endorsement of eugenic nationalism.
Genetically Engineering 'Ethical' Babies is a Moral Obligation, Says Oxford Professor by Richard AlleyneThe Telegraph [UK]August 16th, 2012Bioethicist Julian Savulescu said that creating so-called designer babies could be considered a "moral obligation" as it makes them grow up into "ethically better children."
Eugenics in California: A Legacy of the Past?by Center for Genetics and SocietyBiopolitical TimesAugust 15th, 2012A free public event at UC Berkeley will consider the long history of eugenics in California and explore continuities and discontinuities in the uses and misuses of genetic ideas and practices.
As Prices for Prenatal Genome Sequencing Tests Fall, Researchers Worry About Consequences for Families in a Real-Life 'Gattaca' by Makini BriceMedical DailyAugust 13th, 2012Genome sequencing of fetuses would drastically increase the volume and scope of prenatal data, but its meaning would be unclear.
Virginia Lawmaker Proposes Symbolic Reparations for Victims of Eugenic Sterilizationby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesAugust 9th, 2012To mark the 85th anniversary of the US Supreme Court’s ruling that state governments can forcibly sterilize “inferior” members of society, Virginia lawmaker Patrick A. Hope calls for “a symbolic payment” to living victims.
On Anniversary of Eugenics Ruling, a Va. Delegate Proposes Payments for Living Victimsby Bob LewisThe Washington PostAugust 5th, 201285 years ago, the US Supreme Court ruled that state governments could force involuntary surgical sterilizations; Virginia lawmaker Patrick Hope calls for “a symbolic payment” for the living victims.
Doctors Illegally Removed Wombs From Poor Women in Chhattisgarh - Ministerby Sujeet KumarReutersJuly 18th, 2012Doctors in Chhattisgarh performed hysterectomies on poor village women without a valid medical reason in order to claim money from a national insurance scheme.
"Tainted Families" Ancient and Modernby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJuly 11th, 2012Paul Lombardo has well summarized the use of the "Jukes family" myth to promote eugenics, in the 19th, 20th and now 21st century.
Survival of the Fastest?by Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJuly 10th, 2012Michael Johnson, the legendary athlete, recently made global headlines for suggesting that black American and Caribbean sprinters have a "superior athletic gene."
Myth of 'The Jukes' Offers Cautionary Genetics Taleby Dan VerganoUSA TodayJune 30th, 2012A look at the modern-day manifestations of the bad idea behind "the infamous Jukes family," as the founder of the eugenics movement described them.
North Carolina Survivors of Eugenic Sterilization are Passed Over Againby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJune 28th, 2012The North Carolina Senate has turned down compensation for living victims of the state-sponsored forced sterilization program that continued into the 1970s.
Designer Babies in Popular Cultureby Jessica CussinsBiopolitical TimesJune 21st, 2012The Whitest Kids U’Know’s comedic parody of genetic counseling is reminiscent of a similar scene in GATTACA.
Synthetic Eugenics and Scientific Silenceby Daniel SharpBiopolitical TimesJune 21st, 2012Yet another worrying statement from a renowned synthetic biologist on redeisgning humans is met with indifference and silence by the scientific community.
Payments for Victims of Eugenics Are Shelvedby Kim SeversonThe New York TimesJune 20th, 2012North Carolina’s effort to compensate people who were sterilized under a widespread eugenics program that stretched into the 1970s all but died in the State Senate on Wednesday.
When California Decided Who Could Have Children and Who Could Notby Jeremy RosenbergLos Angeles TimesJune 18th, 2012California's "Asexualization Act" of 1909 gave the go-ahead for the state to sterilize more than 20,000 men and women against their will.
Genome Test Slammed for Assessing ‘Racial Purity’by Alison AbbottNatureJune 12th, 2012Hungary’s Medical Research Council has asked public prosecutors to investigate a genetic-diagnostic company that certified that a member of parliament did not have Roma or Jewish heritage.
Learning the Right Lessons from Eugenicsby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJune 12th, 2012Ross Douthat's column in The New York Times makes some valid points and some spectacularly ill-judged ones.
DNA Blueprint for Fetus Built Using Tests of Parents[Quotes CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Andrew PollackThe New York TimesJune 6th, 2012Using only a blood sample from the pregnant woman and a saliva specimen from the father, researchers explain that “Our capacity to generate data is outstripping our ability to interpret it in ways that are useful to physicians and patients.”
N.C. House Approves Measure Compensating Victims of Eugenics Programsby Lynn BonnerNews ObserverJune 5th, 2012In a 86-31 vote, the state House approved a measure that will compensate people sterilized by a state authority over four decades ago.
Race Under the Microscope: A New Video by the Center for Genetics and Societyby Emily BeitiksBiopolitical TimesMay 31st, 2012A new video by the Center for Genetics and Society explores how genetic research and its commercial by-products are reviving harmful and false assumptions about race.
German Doctors Apologize for Holocaust Horrorsby Art CaplanMSNBCMay 24th, 2012The German Medical Association has issued a remarkably blunt and straightforward apology, more than six decades after the end of World War II, for the role it played during the Holocaust.
NC Bill Supports Compensation for Eugenics Victimsby Martha WagoonerNew ObserverMay 16th, 2012Victims of North Carolina's decades-long forced sterilization program would receive $50,000 each under a bill filed Wednesday that would make the state the first to compensate people who lost their child-bearing abilities under the once-common practice.
A Crime Against Motherhood: Involuntary sterilization was a horrifying exercise in genetic engineeringby Nilmini Gunaratne RubinLos Angeles TimesMay 13th, 2012On Mother's Day, a daughter tells how eugenics and forced sterilization affected her family.
Should Addicts be Sterilized?by Jed BickmanSalonMay 2nd, 2012Project Prevention has long paid poor, addicted women not to procreate. Now the far right is helping it go global.
Disturbing Reports of Government-led Forced Sterilization in Uzbekistanby Daniel SharpBiopolitical TimesMay 1st, 2012The BBC breaks news of a government-sponsored coercive sterilization campaign in Uzbekistan.
Will Gattaca Come True?[Quotes CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Mara HvistendahlSlateApril 27th, 2012Noninvasive, early fetal tests for sex, paternity, and chromosomal conditions will change pregnancy dramatically — and raise tricky ethical questions.
$10.3 Million for Eugenics Compensation by Herbert L. WhiteCharlotte PostApril 25th, 2012North Caroliona Governor Bev Perdue’s proposed budget will include $10.3 million for people involuntarily sterilized by the state.
Baby Sex Selection Ad Targets Indo-Canadiansby Annie Burns-PieperCBC NewsApril 17th, 2012A Washington-based fertility clinic is advertising sex selection services - "Create the Family You Want: Boy or Girl" - in a Canadian newspaper that targets South Asian communities.
A Burst of Useful (Not Utilitarian) Bloggingby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesMarch 22nd, 2012Bioethicists' articles about the permissibility of infanticide and a pill for racism have been drawing a buzz of outrage.
Writing Your Baby’s Synthetic Genome: Genetic Engineering for the Facebook Generationby Daniel SharpBiopolitical TimesMarch 22nd, 2012A growing chorus of synthetic biology advocates is promoting using the new tools for "enhancing" future generations.
North Carolina Leads the Way in Compensation for Eugenic Sterilization Victimsby Emily BeitiksBiopolitical TimesMarch 22nd, 2012Will North Carolina’s efforts to compensate victims of eugenic sterilization encourage other states to follow suit?
More than 100 N.C. Eugenics Matches Madeby Herbet L. WhiteCharlotte PostMarch 19th, 2012More than 100 individuals have been identified as victims of involuntary sterilizations in North Carolina.
California's Dark Legacy of Forced Sterilizationsby Elizabeth Cohen and John BonifieldCNNMarch 15th, 2012North Carolina's recent confrontation with its eugenic history raises the question: Will California move to confront its own eugenic history?
New Thriller about Eugenics, “the Dirty Little Secret of the Anglo-American Intellectual Elite”by Marcy DarnovskyBiopolitical TimesMarch 15th, 2012How should we understand the attraction of eugenics for liberals and leftists in the early twentieth century?
Bioengineer Humans to Tackle Climate Change, Say Philosophersby Leo HickmanGuardianMarch 14th, 2012The authors of a controversial recommendation say their critics have misunderstood the nature of philosophical inquiry.
The Plot to Create Britain’s Super Raceby Jonathan FreedlandThe Telegraph [UK]February 12th, 2012Yale University has been accused of trying to create a super race of British children during World War Two.
Sterilized by North Carolina, She Felt Raped Once Moreby David ZucchinoLos Angeles TimesJanuary 25th, 2012North Carolina's recent move to compensate victims of sterilization program isn't enough to resolve the pain of the troubled past.
Payment Set for Those Sterilized in Programby Kim SeversonNew York TimesJanuary 11th, 2012The task force assigned the difficult task of deciding how much to compensate the victims of a North Carolina sterilization program settled on a number on Tuesday.
Unnatural Selection: Is Evolving Reproductive Technology Ushering in a New Age of Eugenics? [Quotes CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Carolyn AbrahamThe Globe and MailJanuary 7th, 2012Modern day assisted reproduction offers a whole new approach to baby-making, one that gives people an unprecedented power to preview, and pick, the genetic traits of their children.
An Interesting Weekend on the Perils of Building Better Humansby Osagie ObasogieBiopolitical TimesDecember 15th, 2011Last weekend offered an interesting conversation on past and more modern attempts at building betters humans, which might ultimately say something interesting about our human future.
Thousands Sterilized, a State Weighs Restitutionby Kim SeversonNew York TimesDecember 9th, 2011A task force is calculating North Carolina's obligation to the estimated 7600 victims of its eugenics program from 1933 to 1977, but the issues go deeper than just a dollar amount.
Francis Galton's Novel about Eugenicsby Michael MarshallNew ScientistDecember 5th, 2011The unpublished novel of eugenicist Francis Galton has been published in fragments by the University College London on the 100th anniversary of his death.
Bay Area Local News Reports on Asian Egg Marketby Osagie ObasogieBiopolitical TimesNovember 17th, 2011Demand is high for young Asian women willing to provide their eggs for other people’s fertility treatment.
The Life Penalty: Sterilizing Californiaby Kris PickelCBS SacramentoNovember 10th, 2011From 1909 to 1964, California laws not only allowed for, but also expanded, the practice of sterilization, where people were forced to undergo the procedure for a wide range of reasons.
Eugenics Past And Present, Driven By Race, Class, Economicsby M.B. ReillyEurasia ReviewNovember 10th, 2011Historian Wendy Kline finds that eugenics is not a concept confined to past decades, nor to locales outside the United States.
Sex Selection Game-Changer? New Fetal Gene Test Reveals Sex at 7 Weeksby Doug PetBiopolitical TimesNovember 9th, 2011New non-invasive prenatal testing will enable parents to know a fetus's sex, Down's status, and possibly other traits dramatically earlier in a pregnancy.
Victims speak out about North Carolina sterilization program, which targeted women, young girls and blacksby Michelle Kessel and Jessica HopperRock CenterNovember 7th, 2011Victims of eugenic sterilization speak out in North Carolina, where they have yet to receive compensation, medical care or counseling from the state.
Sex Selection Blares on World Bank’s Radarby Doug PetBiopolitical TimesSeptember 21st, 2011The World Bank’s 2012 World Development Report, entitled “Gender Equality and Development” recognizes sex selection as a global issue perpetuating gender inequality.
The Problem with Twin Studiesby Osagie ObasogieBiopolitical TimesAugust 26th, 2011Slate's Brian Palmer critiques the proliferation of scientific findings based on twin studies that claim to isolate the genetic underpinnings of human behavior.
Eugenics Victim, Son Fighting Together for Justiceby Allen G. BreedABC NewsAugust 15th, 2011Eugenics victim and son see long struggle for justice and recompense on verge of bearing fruit.
Council for Responsible Genetics Explores New Fetal Gene Test Methodby Emily BeitiksBiopolitical TimesJuly 6th, 2011A recent report by the Council for Responsible Genetics assesses non-invasive prenatal genetic diagnosis and emerging ethical questions.
Are Skewed Sex Ratios In America’s Future? by Osagie K. ObasogieBiopolitical TimesJune 30th, 2011Might technological shifts turn Americans’ preference for sons into a full-blown son preference?
Victims of state's eugenics program win sympathyby Regina WangNewsobserver.comJune 23rd, 2011From the 1920s to the 1970s, the North Carolina Board of Eugenics oversaw the sterilization of nearly 7,600 people.
X-Men Recharge: People in the Margin or Powers on a Pedestal?by Brendan ParentBiopolitical TimesJune 22nd, 2011Last week's release of 'X-Men: First Class" may be cause for questioning the whole premise of the X-Men series: Would people marked by genetic advantages actually experience group discrimination?
Francis Galton: The man who drew up the 'ugly map' of Britainby Steve JonesBBC NewsJune 16th, 2011One hundred years after the death of Francis Galton, the "father of eugenics," geneticists are increasingly baffled by the nature versus nurture debate. Does the question mean anything in the first place?
Found In The Archives: America's Unsettling Early Eugenics Movementby Rich RemsbergNPRJune 1st, 2011A collection of eugenics-related photographs can be found in a scrapbook at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia.
Annals of Human Genetics Does A Little “House Cleaning.” Sort Of.by Osagie ObasogieBiopolitical TimesMay 19th, 2011In a former incarnation, a well-respected scholarly journal promoted eugenics. It has now put its archives online.
Dreams of the Weekby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesMay 18th, 2011Several recent announcements and studies appear to presage renewed interest in manipulating the biology that is thought to control longevity and especially our children's happiness and intelligence.
One Step Closer to Designer BabiesNew Noninvasive Prenatal Genetic Testing Could Change Human Pregnancy Foreverby Marcy DarnovskyScience ProgressApril 22nd, 2011A new approach to testing the genes of early-stage fetuses could radically alter the experience of pregnancy and parenting from as early as five weeks, leading to a potentially dangerous moral quandary.
Bioethicists Show How to Disagree Without Rancorby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesApril 19th, 2011Excerpts of a conversation between Arthur Caplan and Robert P. George demonstrate the possibility of constructive discussions about difficult ethical issues.
Behind the New Arizona Abortion Ban by Marcy DarnovskyBiopolitical TimesApril 7th, 2011The Arizona law that bans abortion for reasons of sex or race is part of a larger strategy to undermine abortion rights.
New film depicts a genetically engineered, anti-gay future by Doug PetBiopolitical TimesMarch 17th, 2011Nisha Ganatra’s Beholder depicts a future in which children are genetically designed and homosexuality is screened out of the population.
Governor's Executive Order targets eugenics and sterilization program [North Carolina]by Loretta ArnoldExaminer.com [Raleigh]March 17th, 2011Victims of the North Carolina Eugenics Board are one step closer to closure, compensation, and counseling.
Eugenics lawmaker resignsby Shira SchoenbergConcord MonitorMarch 15th, 2011State Rep. Martin Harty resigned yesterday, facing outrage from constituents, colleagues and strangers over comments he made endorsing eugenics for what he called "defective people."
IVF parents travel overseas to pick baby's sex [Australia]by Amy CorderoyThe Sydney Morning HeraldMarch 8th, 2011A leading IVF clinic is helping clients choose the sex of their baby by sending them to an overseas clinic it co-owns, avoiding Australian rules which allow the practice only for medical reasons.
Thai police free women from surrogate baby ring[Thailand]AFPFebruary 24th, 2011Fourteen Vietnamese women, seven of them pregnant, have been rescued from an "illegal and inhuman" surrogate baby breeding ring in Thailand, officials said.
Pushing the Bioethics Envelope to Serve Neo-Eugenic Purposesby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesFebruary 24th, 2011Prominent British-based bioethicists seem to be changing the terms of debate, in favor of eugenic interventions.
Forced sterilization considered in a UK court by Doug PetBiopolitical TimesFebruary 17th, 2011A British special court delayed its ruling on whether or not a woman with “significant learning disabilities” should be forcibly sterilized.
Is forced sterilization ever OK?[Interview with CGS's Doug Pet]by Tracy Clark-FlorySalonFebruary 16th, 2011A U.K. court considers the question in the case of a pregnant woman with significant learning disabilities.
Woman with learning difficulties could be forcibly sterilised[United Kingdom]by Tim RossThe TelegraphFebruary 14th, 2011A woman with learning difficulties could be forcibly sterilised after she gives birth this week to stop her becoming pregnant again.
Appeals Court Overturns Sentence Based on "Porn Gene"by Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesFebruary 2nd, 2011A judge increased a sentence because he believed the offender had a gene that would eventually be identified; the Court of Appeals called this a "plain error" and sent the case to a different judge for re-sentencing.
Uncle Sam could want YOU and your DNA, tooby Jillian TheilBiopolitical TimesJanuary 20th, 2011A secretive group of scientific advisors recommends that the Department of Defense collect DNA from US soldiers, and gives little attention to the potential implications of such a practice.
When America believed in eugenicsby Victoria BrignellNewStatesmanDecember 10th, 2010Victoria Brignell investigates America's past enthusiasm for eugenics and the profound suffering this inflicted on people with disabilities.
Nazi war crimes provide lessons in medical ethicsby Kevin B. O'ReillyAmednews.comDecember 6th, 2010German physicians and scientists helped carry out the regime's policies. What can today's doctors learn from this tragic history?
Local eugenics past and present: A rare self-examinationby Doug PetBiopolitical TimesOctober 28th, 2010Many gathered at U of Alberta to re-examine the history and modern implications of local eugenic sterilization.
Group That Pays Addicts to Be Sterilized Takes Its Publicity Abroadby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesOctober 28th, 2010The controversial Project Prevention has just paid its first British addict to be sterilized, and plans outreach to Australia.
‘Newgenics’ still rampant in Alberta, conference told [Canada]by Andrea SandsEdmontonJournal.comOctober 24th, 2010"Eugenics is by no means a dead issue."
Why I took £200 to be sterilised: The Mail identifies the first British drug addict to take a controversial charity's money to have a vasectomy by Jenny JohnstonThe Daily MailOctober 23rd, 2010Alan Mitchell was trained as a vicar and from a loving home, but says "I'm not fit to be a father."
Time to Stop Burying Our Eugenic Historiesby Doug PetBiopolitical TimesOctober 14th, 2010Reductionist reports of a woman's recent lawsuit against the state for forcible sterilization indicate a fading consciousness of our society's recent eugenic past.
Sterilized woman sues by Angelique RodriguesEdmonton SunOctober 9th, 2010A Canadian woman has launched a lawsuit alleging she was sexually sterilized as a 15-year-old without her knowledge or permission.
Nobel Award for IVF Sparks Speculationby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesOctober 7th, 2010The Nobel Prize awarded to Robert Edwards, for developing IVF, provoked some disturbing speculation.
Building Brighter Kids? Not exactlyby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesOctober 7th, 2010A Time Healthland headline grossly distorts a legitimate study on the effects of IVF on children.
When Racism and Genism Mixby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesSeptember 13th, 2010There have recently been several disturbing indications in Europe of racism with a genetic twist. Mainstream reaction has been critical, but the racists have their defenders.
Oh, No, It's a Girl! South Asians Flock to Sex-Selection Clinics in U.S.[Quotes CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Viji SundaramNew America MediaAugust 31st, 2010For those with roots in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, sex selection is often not freely chosen.
Gopher Kids or Guinea Pigs?by Doug PetAugust 13th, 2010University of Minnesota researchers attempting to investigate the genetic features of “normal and healthy” kids plan to solicit DNA samples from child-parent volunteer pairs at this month’s state fair.
A People's History of the Human Genomeby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJune 30th, 2010Genewatch UK marked the 10th anniversary of the Human Genome Project announcement by publishing an extraordinary History with important current policy implications.
Conservation and Eugenics: The environmental movement's dirty secret[Commentary]by Charles WohlforthOrion MagazineOrion Magazine, whose mission is "serious thinking on the deeper connection between the environment and social and political issues," has published a thoughtful essay tracing the roots of environmentalism back to a very unpleasant historical truth.
Sometimes Beautiful People Do Unattractive Thingsby Osagie ObasogieBiopolitical TimesJune 23rd, 2010Beautifulpeople.com is taking the designer gamete market to a whole new level by using its online dating service as a vehicle for people to find sperm from attractive donors so that they can presumably have beautiful children.
A Singular Kind of Eugenicsby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJune 16th, 2010Modern techno-utopianism, discussed in a recent feature on Singularity University, has worryingly eugenic overtones.
China tries to sterilise 10,000 parents over one-child ruleby Jane MacartneyThe Times (London)April 17th, 2010Family planning authorities in Guangdong Province are cracking down hard on couples who have violated birth control policies.
The ultimate betrayalN.C. eugenics survivors seek justice by Lara TorgesenIndy WeekMarch 24th, 2010Thousands of North Carolina residents were forcibly sterilized as part of the state's eugenics policy. The survivors are seeking justice before they die.
Eugenics: Remembering History and the Living Victimsby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesMarch 12th, 2010New initiatives in North Carolina and Canada aim to confront the legacy of 20th-century eugenics.
Foundation to aid victims of N.C. eugenics campaignby Herbert L. WhiteThe Charlotte PostMarch 4th, 2010People who were sterilized against their will under a North Carolina law now have an advocate.
Emerging Technologies and a Sustainable, Healthy, Just WorldThe Case of Human Reproductive and Genetic Technologiesby Marcy Darnovsky and Jesse ReynoldsBiodiversity: The Newsletter of the Consultative Group on Biological Diversity (Winter 2010)Environmentalists are in a position to play a critically important role in determining how powerful, emerging technologies are ultimately developed, used, and regulated.
Immortal Cells and Persistent Controversiesby Marcy DarnovskyBiopolitical TimesFebruary 24th, 2010The riveting stories in a new best-seller are relevant to the biopolitical controversies we face today.
"Moral Questions of an Altogether Different Kind" [PDF]Progressive Politics in the Biotech Ageby Marcy DarnovskyHarvard Law and Policy ReviewFebruary 23rd, 2010Human genetic, reproductive and biomedical technologies are taking us into uncharted moral and political waters.
Gene testing spurs decline of some dire diseasesby Marilynn MarchioneAssociated PressFebruary 19th, 2010Some inherited diseases appear to be declining, and a few have nearly disappeared, because more people are using genetic testing to decide whether to have children.
Eugenics fear as British couples are offered £700 online gene test for 100 inherited diseasesby Fiona MacRaeThe Daily MailFebruary 9th, 2010Experts warned that a simple test to stop couples from passing on genetic diseases to their children was unnecessary and could lead to 'back door eugenics'.
Whither Personal Genomics?by Jesse ReynoldsBiopolitical TimesJanuary 29th, 2010Three companies offer contrasting examples of where the fledgling industry goes from here.
Mom of 9 cries foulClaim: I was sterilized against my willby Jessica FargenBoston HeraldJanuary 8th, 2010A mother of nine is suing a hospital, three doctors and two nurses, claiming they permanently sterilized her against her will, violating her reproductive rights.
Reparations for Eugenics Victims Stall in North Carolinaby Jesse ReynoldsBiopolitical TimesJanuary 5th, 2010The Winston-Salem Journal reports that there's been negligible progress in issuing the allocated reparations.
Eugenics damages yet to be paid out[North Carolina]by James RomoserWinston-Salem JournalDecember 26th, 2009State money allocated for sterilization victims still has not been spent, and no substantive progress has been made on a special foundation that is to be established.
What's in a Name?by Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesSeptember 14th, 2009The naming of a new park after noted eugenicist William Shockley has drawn international attention to the small town of Auburn, California.
The recession, sperm banks, and eugenicsby Jesse ReynoldsBiopolitical TimesAugust 11th, 2009During the recession, more men are seeking to provide sperm in exchange for a hundred bucks.
Everyday Eugenicsby Osagie ObasogieBiopolitical TimesJuly 22nd, 2009Although the American Eugenics movement ended over 50 years ago, aspects of eugenic thinking continue to pop up from what seems like out of nowhere.
Non-profit offers cash for birth controlby Kristyn CaddellWATE 6June 24th, 2009Cash for birth control may sound unusual, but it's one woman's crusade to stop drug addicts and alcoholics from giving birth.
Empathy and Eugenics on the Supreme Courtby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesJune 4th, 2009LA Times columnist Michael Hiltzik uses Buck vs. Bell as a case study to demonstrate the importance of empathy for Supreme Court justices.
Eugenics and Genetic Screeningby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesMay 20th, 2009A new report raises the specter of eugenics from a libertarian perspective.
Designer Baby’ Offer to Screen Embryos For Eye, Hair, Skin Pigmentation Dropped[Quotes CGS's Marcy Darnovsky]by Joyce E. CutlerThe Bureau of National AffairsMarch 4th, 2009A fertility clinic in California has withdrawn its plan to offer prospective parents so-called designer babies through genetic screening of embryos for eye and hair color and skin pigmentation.
Vatican warns of ethical risks with gene progressby Nicole WinfieldAssociated PressFebruary 17th, 2009A Vatican official warned that advances in genetic testing were spreading a eugenics mentality — the effort to improve the quality of the human race by controlling heredity.
Custom-Designed Kids: How Darwin's Legacy Is Being Abusedby Jesse ReynoldsAlterNetFebruary 12th, 2009Two contentious conversations about genes and society continue to haunt America.
War Against the Weak – The Documentaryby Osagie ObasogieBiopolitical TimesJanuary 27th, 2009Edwin Black’s award-winning book on the history and modern implications of the American Eugenics Movement is about to hit the silver screen.
Hotline for Eugenics Victimsby Pete ShanksBiopolitical TimesDecember 10th, 2008North Carolina has set up a toll-free number for survivors of the state's eugenic program.
Picking the Best Babyby Jesse ReynoldsBiopolitical TimesDecember 2nd, 2008With the price of genetic sequencing plummeting, technologies enabling prospective parents and clinicians to pick the genetically "best" potential child may become feasible.
Designer babies: Creating the perfect child[Quotes CGS's Richard Hayes]by Mike SteereCNNOctober 30th, 2008The Center for Genetics and Society is trying to encourage debate on the topic of genetic selection as soon as possible. Executive director of the organization, Richard Hayes, told CNN that in most countries, the public is missing out on taking part in the debate.
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